Putting the spotlight on Rugby injuries
Outside of North America, rugby is the world’s second most popular sport. A University of Bath study for the British Journal of Sports Medicine revealed that for every 1,000 hours of international rugby there are 58 injuries. This compares to 17 for international football and just 2.8 for international cricket. As a result of its international popularity, it has resulted in many of us – both men and women – choosing to join local teams. Whilst rugby is a fantastic – and social – sport, does playing it mean you’re at greater risk of injury? Ben Searle-Baker, Chiropractor at London Wellness, reveals what can cause rugby-related injuries.
Putting the spotlight on Rugby Injuries
Many situations on the rugby field increase the chance of injury occurring, such as tackling and scrummaging. The average force through the shoulder during a tackle is 166kg and stresses are passed right through the body to the neck, upper back, arms, low back, hips, knees and ankles. Injuries don’t just occur with contact; as with any physical activity muscular injuries can also occur when running, kicking and through not warming up or cooling down properly.
Ben says that along with many sports, rugby injuries fall into two categories: traumatic and overuse. Traumatic injuries usually result from tackles or collisions with other players and are often unavoidable, even during training. Concussions, ligament damage and fractures do occur on the pitch although the impact and severity of these traumatic injuries can be reduced by maintaining good technique at all times as well as wearing gum shields, headgear and shoulder pads.
He highlights that the overuse of injuries build over time and are the result of the combined negative effects of a mildly traumatic action that’s repeated over and over again. Shin splints that result from regular training and practicing are an example of overuse or chronic injury. Ben comments that the injury usually starts as a niggling discomfort with increasing pain developing over time.
Ben says that it is also common for an overuse injury to develop into an acute traumatic injury where a succession of micro-traumas weakens the area making it more susceptible. Sudden sprains, muscles and ligament tears often occur in this manner.
The most common rugby injuries are leg injuries such as groin or hamstring strains where adductor or hamstring muscles are stretched beyond their limits. These are the issues that Ben treats time-and-time again with rugby players. Strain injuries can vary in intensity but are usually painful and result in swelling, bruising and a reduced ability to use the affected muscle. The same occurs for a sprain with the ligaments that support the joints becoming over-stretched. Pain, swelling and bruising occur along with difficulty moving the joint. Joints commonly affected in this way during rugby participation are shoulders, lower back and sacroiliac joints.
Rapid stopping, starting and changing direction also places stress onto the knees and ankles. The structure of the knee means a ligament injury is most common, with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) strains, ruptures and tears, the most common. Both the ACL and PCL can be injured or torn by a sudden twisting of the knee joint. Meniscal (the cartilage discs that sit in between the femur and tibia) injuries commonly occur as a result of twisting, pivoting, decelerating or a sudden impact and often require surgical repair if severe or non-responsive to more conservative care.
It’s important to remember, as with any sport, that prevention is better than cure! Stretching properly before and after any sport is vital to reduce injuries, especially in the frequently affected muscle groups such as the groin and hamstrings. Sports massage can also help to relax and stretch the muscles; working on specific tight areas.
Often, subtle differences in the way we move, can place more or less stress on the joints of our body. The best way to minimise the chances of an injury taking place, is to ensure your body is working optimally. A chiropractor is able to assess how your joints are working, and identify any areas that could potentially lead to an injury. They will then help to address the problem and to strengthen the area, working with you to ensure your body is functioning as required.
Are you a rugby player who could use some much-needed musculoskeletal TLC off the pitch to improve your game? Find out more how we can help you by visiting drcandicedugmorechiropractor.co.za , email us on firstname.lastname@example.org or call on 020 7531 4444.